Common Football Injuries and How to Prevent Them

It’s no doubt that football is one of the most popular sports. Children and grownups, male or female, you can easily see different people enjoy playing or watching football games. However, alongside playing football, comes the risk and possibility of getting injured.

There are two types of football injuries: cumulative injuries and acute injuries.

Cumulative or overuse injuries often begin as small pains that can cause real damage if not prevented early. These injuries occur when muscles, soft tissues and joints experience continuous stress—especially when muscles have no time for healing or rest.

Acute injuries, also known as traumatic injuries, often happen after a strong blow, sudden force or impact. Examples of acute injuries are cuts, fractures, concussions, etc.
Some of the most common low extremity football injuries include sprains and strains. Some sprains and tears may require surgery such as ACL (Acute Cruciate Ligament) and cartilage tears.

There are also overuse low extremity football injuries like Achilles Tendonitis (which can lead to Achilles Tendon Rupture if not prevented), shin splints which can be felt on the shin bone, and Hamstring Strain. Hamstring strain happens when Hamstring muscles are stretched forcibly. This is usually experienced by runners; since football require a lot of running, football players commonly get this as well. Another common overuse lower extremity injury is stress fractures. Players get stress fractures from bone overuse, which often lead to bone weakness.
Shoulder dislocations, wrist sprains and wrist fractures are common upper extremity football injuries.

Finally, there are head, neck, and face injuries. These injuries include fracture, neck sprain, cuts and concussions. Players who experience concussions should see a physician immediately. Concussions result from a strong, sudden impact to the head and can be very serious if not treated soon.

Although some injuries may be scary, there are some safety measures that can be tried to prevent or avoid any serious physical damage when playing football.

Here are some of the steps that can be taken to ensure that the football game will be safe:

First of all, you should know the sport and know yourself. If you’re still recovering from a past injury or if your doctor has recommended against playing strenuous sport, by all means you need to give yourself time to heal first. Make sure that you are in a good shape to play football.

Make sure that you are wearing proper equipment. Wear shock-absorbent shin guards while playing football. Also, use synthetic balls with just the right size when playing on wet playing fields; leather balls absorb water and therefore get heavier which may cause injuries.

Before every football game or practice, the playing field should be checked. Ensure that the playing surface is free from any hazard or debris.

Warming up and stretching is important before starting the game. Adequate hydration of each player must also be observed at all times.

Prevention will always be better than cure. Preparation before playing football can go a long way. Football will always be in the hearts of millions—fear of getting injuries shouldn’t hinder football-lovers

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